My Military Life: Timeline

My Military Life: Timeline

ATTO PRIMO

Scena 1 – PER L’AMORE
Backstory 1906-1911

Scena 2 – FALLING AWAY
Diary Timeline 1915
May 23 – ​Italy declares war with Austria/Hungary
July 15 –​Parental consent to join Italian Army
July 17 – ​Ends employment in Milwaukee
July 20 – ​Squad of Italian recruits leaves Chicago.
July 21 – ​Through Canada to New York City.
July 22 – ​Recruits board Sant’ Anna
July 24 – ​Eastland disaster* news arrives by Marconigram.
July 27 –​Spy found onboard
August 1 – ​Arrival at Gibraltar.

* The Eastland Disaster was a man-made wreck caused by overcrowding a passenger barge docked on the Chicago River. The barge was taking a group of over 2500 from Western Electric on a company outing. The ship rolled at its mooring point at the Clark Street Bridge taking 844 lives including 22 entire families. It was the largest loss of life from a single shipwreck on the Great Lakes. This was a shocking event that may have affected those on board the ship that was sailing to Italy since there were many Chicagoans aboard. The Lusitania had been sunk in the Atlantic by a German submarine just two months before and tensions were running very high regarding America’s vulnerability and whether to become involved in the war in Europe.

Scena 3 – SOLDATO 1915
Diary Timeline 1915
August 7 – ​Train to Forli, transfer at Faenza
August 10 – ​Visit to Bertinoro
August 15 –​Return to Firenze – Report for duty
August 17 – ​Day trip to Forli and Elisa
August 18 – ​Ready to serve in the 11th infantry
August 21 – ​Training in Cervia – Readied for Front​​
September 8 – ​Reinforcements march to Cesenatico
September 10 – ​Train to Brisighella (via Ravenna – Faenza)
September 20 –​Italian National Holiday
September 24 – To the Front – Forli (via Faenza)

Scena 4 – TO MT. SAN MICHELE
Diary Timeline 1915
September 26 – Departure for Forli-Bologna, Sacile, San Giovanni di Manzano
September 28 – Udine & San Giovanni di Manzano
October 12 – ​Chiopris
October 22 – ​To trenches (to Medea, Fratta, Mariano, Corona, Moraro)
October 24 –​Mt. San Michele (Gradisca –Austria, Sagrado, Sdraussina)
October 26 –​Corona
November 6 – ​Moraro
Nov. 6-14 –​In the trenches​

Scena 5 – MASSACRE IN THE MUD
Diary Timeline 1915
Nov.17-18 – ​Marching to Mariano
November 30 – ​Promotion to Corporal
December 4-5 – To the Front – Mt. Boschini
Dec. 9-16 – ​In the barracks
December 17 – ​Relieving the 130th infantry
Dec. 20-21 – ​Back to the barracks
December 24 – Christmas furlough to Nagaredo-Cervignano
December 25 – ​March to and from Cervignano
December 26 – ​Forli for the Holiday

Scena 6 – RODENTS, A RESPITE, AND RETURN
Diary Timeline 1916
January 10 – ​Furlough over
January 14 – ​Rejoined regiment at Front
January 21 – ​Relieved, back to barracks at Mariano
February 3 – ​Back to the trenches
February 24 – ​Back to Mariano
March 1 – ​High fever
March 6 –​March to Borganano via Romans,Chiopris return Medea-Fratta
March 12 – ​Return to the Front sent back to Sdraussina due to fever
March 28 –​Trenches at Podgora

Scena 7 – RELIEVED NOT REWARDED
Diary Timeline 1916
April 3-4 – 23​Back to barracks in Mariano
April 23 – ​Back to the Front for the 8th time
May 3 – ​General Marazzi at Front
May 13 –​Corona (near Lucinico)
May 27 –​Day trip to Cormons
May 28 – ​Moraro
May 29 – ​Marano
June 5 – ​Left Marano (via Medea Chiopris, Viscone, Jalmico and Palmanova)

Scena 8 – THE DESERTER’S TALE
Diary Timeline 1916
June 6 – ​Santa Maria la Longa – Deserter’s firing squad

Scena 9 – FINALLY A HERO
Diary Timeline 1916
June 16 –​Saw the Duke of Aosta
June 23 – ​General Cadorna and King of Italy visit
June 26-27 –​Left camp, march to Aquileia
June 28 –​Near Pieris to San Polo
July 2 – ​To Monfalcone
July 17-18 –​Relieved to San Polo (Mt. Sei Busi)
July 31 – ​Changed fronts: Mt. Sei Busi to west side above Ronchi)
August 3-9 – ​Major Italian offensive
August 10 – ​Engaged to Elisa via letter
August 10 –​To Doberdo (captured prisoners)
August 10-17 –​In conquered territory

Scena 10 – SUCH GOOD MEN
Diary Timeline 1916
August 17 – ​First line trench Quota #208 (Nib Krib) – Carso plain
September 16 – Near Doberdo and to Quota #144)
September 26 – ​Left for Pieris with sick and wounded
September 27 – ​Pieris to Pertevole
September 28 – ​San Stefano di Udine (tents in a prairie)
October 3 – ​Barracks at San Stefano

Scena 11 – SACRIFICE OF THE INNOCENTS
Diary Timeline 1916
November 3 – ​Vermigliano
November 4 – ​Opachiasella
November 5 –​Cavenzano (Field Hospital #84)
November 6 – ​Red Cross Hospital #60
November 8 – ​To Cervignano to catch Red Cross train
Nov.9-Dec.1 –​In Ravenna (Ospedale Militare di Reserva #7)
December 13 –​“White Friday” 10,000 soldiers killed by avalanches in the Dolomites
December 1 –​To Forli (via Bologna)
Dec. 2- Jan. 2 – In Buon Pastore Hospital

Scena 12 – MOVING IL MAGO
Diary Timeline 1917
Jan. 3-Feb.1 – Furlough in Forli with family
February 1 –​Train to Roma
February 2 – ​To Frosinone
February 7 – Taking deserters to the Front

Scena 13 – STALLING FOR SAFETY
Diary Timeline 1917
February 12 –​Palmanova
Feb. 13-15 – ​Forli
February 15 – ​To Faenza
February 17 – ​Frosinone – to the front with deserters
February 23 – ​Left Cormons (via Treviso-Carnia)
February 24 – ​Tolmezzo
February 25 – ​Avosacco-Paluzza (131st at Timan)
February 26 – ​Return to Frosinone
Feb.27-Mar.3 – In Forli without permission
March 3 –​Frosinone via Forli-Faenza
March 6 – ​Left Faenza (via Roma)
March 11 – ​Escort 5 sick men to Roma

Scena 14 – LOSING CONTROL
Diary Timeline 1917
March 12 – ​Promotion to Corporal Major
March 18 –​Knife fight
March 21- 24 –​To Ferentino/Bishop of Ferentino’s Palace
March 28 –​Got guns
April 6 – ​America enters World War I
April 13 – ​Alatri and Fumone
April 21 – ​Men examined for transfer to Front
April 22 – ​Received news about Michelina’s death
April 23 – ​Easter
April 26 –​Proposed for promotion to Sergeant
Apr.29-May 1– St. Ambrose Celebration at Ferentino
May 3 – ​Letter to American Ambassador Thomas Nelson Page
May 10 – ​Letter from Peter A. Jay, secretary to Page
May 19 – ​Sent corporal to prison for drunkenness
May 21 – ​Promoted to Sergeant

Scena 15 – LIFE IS NOT FAIR
Diary Timeline 1917
May 23 –​Left for Roma – marched to Fort Pietrelata)
June 1 – ​Spoke to Peter Jay, Secty to Ambassador Thomas Nelson Page
June 5 – ​Left for Front at Levada
June 7–​​Arrived Levada-Covolo
June 9 – ​Quarantine for Scarlet Fever
July 12 – ​Montello near Montebelluna
July 30 –​Took exam for officer training
August 4-11 – ​Imprisoned for missing roll call – officer training cancelled
August 31 – ​Left for Front (Covolo to Aquileia)

Scena 16 – SURPRISE AND SURRENDER
Diary Timeline 1917
September 2 – ​My 23rd birthday – Company 19 of 82nd Marching Battalion
September 5 –​Crossed the Isonzo – added to 89th Infantry
September 10 – ​San Valentino
September 17 – ​To Cerviganano -Feltre-Fonzoso (Mt. Pavi)
Sept.19-Oct.12 –Fonzaso
October 12 – ​Feltre (Saren, Quero, Pederobba)
October 13 – ​Possagno to Fonte
October 21 – ​Call to arms – To Montebelluna
Oct. 22-23 – ​Auto trucks to Savogna and top of Montemaggiore
October 24 – ​German offensive at 1:00 a.m.
October 26 – ​Captured by Germans – forced march to Tolmino, Podberdo, Sulzbach

ATTO SECONDO

Scena 1 – FROM SOLDIER TO PRISONER
Diary Timeline 1917
October 27-31 – 40,000 prisoners in a field of mud near Laibach
November 5 – ​Sheltered near Laibach
November 10 – ​Marched to Sulzbach and Tolmino
November 11 – ​Arrival at Tolmino

Scena 2 – LOOTING FOR THE GERMANS
Diary Timeline 1917-18
Nov.12-15 – ​Caporetto to Brischis and Cividale del Friuli
November 16 –​Marched to Udine
December 9 – ​Allowed to write home
December 15 – ​“Farmers” walk to Cividale del Friuli
December 17 – ​Natisone River Valley
January 9 – ​Collecting armaments in Cambresco

Scena 3 – MISERY IN THE MEANTIME
Diary Timeline 1918
January 26 – ​Disheartened and miserable
February 5 – ​Left for the hospital in Cividale
February 6 – ​Tomadine (Sp) or Torre di Porte Villalta Hospital in Udine
February 7 – ​Duoddo Hospital in Udine
February 12 – ​Out of hospital, Alpine Hdqtrs. Prisoner K.L.U. #1247
February 17 – ​Back to hospital
March 24 – ​News of La Corneuve disaster – Paris
April 7 – ​Germans leave Austrians in control of hospital
April 12 – ​High fever

Scena 4 – FROM PRISONER TO COOK
Diary Timeline 1918
April 18 –​Kitchen Worker
April 20 – ​Transported to Laibach
April 23 –​Leo di Littorale – newspaper
April 26-27 – ​Depart Laibach (train via Graz and Bruck, Lieben, St. Michael)
April 28 – ​Linz (through Freistadt, Oberhard, Zartlesdorf, Budweis to Pilsen)
May 1-18 – ​Convalescence in Plan
Scena 5 – STARVING FOR ATTENTION
Diary Timeline 1918
May 18 –​Left Plan (via Marienbad – Karlsbad) for Heinrichsgrun
May 26 – ​New number HI-50445
May 27 – ​Left camp for Eger-Pilsen-Budweis to Breitensee
May 28 – ​Arrived in Breitensee
June 1 – ​Prisoner agreement
July 4 – ​Left Breitensee
July 5 – ​Koenigspital #2 hospital in Vienna

Scena 6 – MARCHES, MOVIES AND A PERSONAL MESSIAH
Diary Timeline 1918
July 20 – ​Left hospital walked to Vienna
July 21-Aug.5 – The camp at Sigmundsherberg
Aug. 6 – ​Camp school
August 17 – ​Emperor Karl’s Birthday
September 5 –​First package received
September 15 – ​Rations increased
September 20 – Italian National Holiday
September 28 – Bulgaria sues for peace
October 9 –​Postcards received

Scena 7 – DOWN BUT NOT OUT
Diary Timeline 1918
October 12 – ​Good news of Turkish surrender
October 18 –​Europe reorganizing
November 4 – ​First trainload of prisoners leaves Sigmundsherberg
November 6 – ​Sigmundsherberg closing (train via Tulin, Villach, Klagenfurt, Trevisio)
November 9 – ​At Pontefel walked to Pontebba and Per la Carnia
November 10 – ​Dogna and Chiusaforte to Gemona and Gradisca
November 12 – ​Ill at Cordenons
November 13 – ​Walked to Sacile then Fontanafredda
November 15 – ​To Spresiano then train via Treviso, Padova, Rovigo

Scena 8 – HOME AND HEARTBREAK
Diary Timeline 1918-19
November 16 – ​Ferrara – Castelfranco
November 16 –​Marched to Castelnuovo to Portilo
November 19 – ​At a villa there
December 4 – ​Roasted a turkey
December 8 – ​Letter from home
December 13– ​Castelfranco to Bologna and Forli (furlough)
December 14 –​With relatives in Forli
December 15 – A visit with the Barsolottis
December 16 – ​Bertinoro
December 20 – Back to Forli
Dec. 22-23 – ​Milan/Torino
January 3 – ​Back to Firenze via Genova
January 4 –​Through Pisa to Firenze (Armory at Corte San Giorgio)

Scena 9 – LUXURY AT LUPINARI
Diary Timeline 1919
January 9 – ​Fort Belvedere (near Ponte Vecchio)
January 10 – ​Bucine to Lupinari
February 9 – ​Men ask for more food
March 16 – ​Hungarians called to Fort Belvedere
March 29 – ​Grandmother Bazzini deceased
May 1 – ​To Figline
May 25 –​Replaced at Lupinari
June 1 – ​Left Lupinari through Bucine to Firenze

Scena 10 – LOVE AT LUOGOMANO
Diary Timeline 1919
June 3 – ​To Pistoia, Prato and Vernio then Luicciano, Cantagallo, etc.
June 4 –​Finding Luogomano
June 29 – ​Earthquake!!
July 17 – ​Telegram – all ordered to Pistoia
July 18 – ​Left Luogomano with prisoners to Pistoia
July 20 – ​No Communist rebellion
July 22 – ​Prisoners sent to Firenze for repatriation

Scena 11 – SORROW AT SANTOMATO
Diary Timeline 1919
July 27 – ​Montale to Santomato
July 28 –​Edilio’s story
August 1 – ​Santomato after Edilio

Scena 12 – RETURN TO REALITY
Diary Timeline: 1919
September 3 – ​To Mayor of Luicciano for permission to marry
September 8 – ​Fair at Prato
September 13 – ​Discharged from army, paid prisoners, packed up Santomato
September 14 – ​Arrived at Firenze
Sept. 15-16 –​Back at Santomato to get posted money for prisoners

Scena 13 – A CHANGED MAN
Diary Timeline 1919
October 3 – ​Getting the right papers
October 5 –​Visiting Torino
October 11 –​Wedding announcements sent
October 18 –​Civil marriage to Josephine Papanti
October 19 –​Church ceremony-Luicciana
October 20 –​Honeymoon in San Gimignano, Forli and Bertinoro
October 21 – ​Goodbye’s at Figline
November 3 – ​Returned to Forli
November 5 –​Prato

Scena 14 – LONGING FOR AMERICA
Diary Timeline 1919
November 6 –​The cantonments at Napoli
Nov. 8-14 – ​Free spousal passage to America announced
November 17 – ​Napoli to New York aboard the steamer “America”
December 1 –​Arrived at Sandy Hook
December 2 – ​Arrived in New York
December 3 –​Arrived in Chicago